Let’s start this by saying that Xawery Dunikowksi lived for eighty-eight years and it impossible to do justice to a life that long in just a few paragraphs.
He was a sculptor, professor, murderer (well, manslaughterer), member of the French Foreign Legion and Head of the Faculty of Sculpture at Krakow’s Academy of Fine Arts. In 1940, at the age of 65, he was arrested by the Gestapo and sent to Auschwitz – which he survived through a combination of luck, admin and, ironically, ill health that prevented him from being gassed. He returned to work after the War focusing on the links between architecture and sculpture.
Dunikowski is seen as the best Polish sculptor of the 20th century. Check the second link below for images of his work – a range of styles that make him almost a living history of the transition from classical to modern art.